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IRC Open League 2017 Junior Level


Problem Statement:

To build a pair of Wired or wireless Robots that can help doctors with complex surgeries like a Heart Transplant.

Problem Description:

Robotic heart surgery is a form of minimally invasive surgery that uses dexterous robotic instruments and a 3D camera to perform surgery through very small incisions with a degree of precision and visualisation that would be difficult without them.

As part of this procedure, the surgeon uses a specially-designed computer console to control surgical instruments on thin robotic arms. These arms are equipped with smaller incisions and precise motion control, offering patients improved outcomes.

Your team will be tasked to develop two such robots using which you can carry dummy heart surgeries. The description of the two robots is as:

DocBot 1:

DocBot 1 can have a sophisticated pick/drop/push mechanism so that it can carry medical equipment from Avishkaar area to Operation theatre (OT).
Note: The size of the Base of the Robot cannot exceed more than 9 inches by 9 Inches.

DocBot 2:

DocBot 2 has a sophisticated pick/drop/press mechanism so that it can not only carry equipment from Avishkaar area to the OT but also carry out anesthesia procedure.

Note: The above mechanisms are mostly for reference. You can decide on exact mechanisms as per your liking. Also - no task is specific to any of the robots, they can go ahead and do anything they like. The only limitation is that both the robots should have a base of 9" by 9" (the distance from the wheels).

Arena

  • The length & width of the arena is 8 feet x 8 feet.
  • Arena is placed on the ground within a frame (made out of EVA).
  • Both DocBot 1 and DocBot 2 will be kept at the start area 1 and start area 2 respectively.
  • All the props are of the suggestive shapes made either out of Avishkaar kits or EVA sheets only.
  • All the props are described in detail next to the arena design.

Arena Details

Arena Tasks:

Giving Anesthesia to Patient: One of the robots has to pick up the anesthesia syringe from Avishkaar Area and drop it near the patient at its designated location. The actual operation cannot start till the time anesthesia has been performed.
Picking a 3D Camera: One of the robots has to pick up a 3D Camera from Avishkaar Area and place inside the camera holder.
Switching on the Ventilator: Once the anesthesia procedure has been performed and just before the heart transplant is starting, the ventilator needs to be activated.
Remove the Rib Cage: The ribs have to be moved aside before the heart can be taken out for transplant. Here one of the Robots can pick up the rib cage.
Note: This can happen only once the 3D camera has been placed and the ventilator has been switched on
Take out the Infected heart: Once the rib cage has been removed, any of the bots can pick up the infected heart and drop to surgical tray.
Place the Artificial heart: Any Bot can Pick up the Artificial heart from its placeholder place (mentioned in the arena) and drop to the centre of the body - symbolically drawn on the arena.
Place the rib cage:Once the heart transplant has been successfully done, one of the Robots has to place the rib cage on top of heart.
Drag the Surgical tray:One of the robot has to drag the surgical tray (with the infected heart in it) to the Heart Bank area.

Scoring

Task DescriptionScore
Pre-Operating Procedures
Successfully pick up the anesthesia syringe from Avishkaar Area+30
Successfully Picking the 3D Camera (Note: this can happen alongside the anesthesia procedure)+30
Successfully dropping the 3D Camera into the camera holder (fully or partially does not matter)+30
Successfully pressing the switch of ventilator and glowing its light (Note: This should happen only after the anesthesia procedure has been performed)+200
OT Procedures
Successfully dropping the anesthesia syringe to its designated location (fully or partially does not matter)(Note: Dropping the syringe is symbolic of the anesthesia procedure completion) +50
Successfully pick up the rib cage of the body (Note: This can happen only when the ventilator has been switched on and its light is glowing) +100
Successfully take out the infected heart from the body (Note: Heart can not be dragged or pushed, it can only be picked). +60
Successfully dropping the infected heart into the Surgical tray (Note: Heart can not be dragged or pushed, it can only be picked).+100
Successfully picking up the artificial heart from its placeholder location (Note: Heart can not be dragged or pushed, it can only be picked).+60
Successfully dropping the artificial heart into the Human Body (Note: the heart should be placed inside its designated area to avail these points - in case if its partially outside then points won't be awarded)+100
Successfully close the rib cage of the body (Note: This can happen only if the artificial heart has been transplanted in place of infected heart) Also the rib cage should not be resting on the heart (if it does points would not be awarded)+150
Post Operation Procedures
Successfully dragging/pulling the surgical tray (with the infected heart in it) to the Heart Bank (Note: These points will be awarded if and only if surgical tray is placed completely inside its placeholder location). +90
Successfully dragging/pulling the surgical tray (with the infected heart in it) to the Heart Bank (Note: These points will be awarded if and only if surgical tray is placed partially inside its placeholder location).+40
Total Points achieved in one complete Round1000

Prop Description

Junior Level Rules and Regulations

  • The duration of the run will be 4 minutes and there won't be any trial time provided for the run on the event day.
  • The Doc Bot 1 and Doc Bot 2 have a size restriction - its base should fit within 9" by 9" (from the wheels).
  • Only Avishkaar kits are allowed to build these Robots.
  • A power source of 7.5 Volts and 2200 MAH current is allowed in the bots
  • Participants can touch the Robots only when they are in the start areas and nowhere else. They can add/remove mechanisms only in start area.
  • If any of the Robot goes out of the arena, the referee would bring it back to the respective Start area and the arena props (if they were attached to the robot in some manner) to their respective start locations and no points would be awarded for them.While referee bringsthe robots and props to their respective locations, the timer shall continue to work.
  • If a team is able to finish all its tasks before time, all the props will be refurbished on the arena and the team can start scoring points again. The timer would stop when the refurbishing is taking place.
  • If a Robot falls or stops functioning on the arena, the Referee would pick it and place it back on the start area on the arena. In case if a prop is attached to the Robot while doing this, the prop would be placed back to its respective place but no points would be awarded for the same. While referee brings the robots and props to their respective locations, the timer shall continue to work.

Videos

Mechanical Design
Note: The position of props shown in video is only for reference of task sequence. For exact position of any of the prop on Arena refer the Arena image above.